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18 Sep
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September 18th is called “national day of poem” in Iran. It is in the honor of Shahriar one of the famous poets in Iran. To know more about this great poet here we have a brief biography of him.

Seyyed Mohammad Hossein Behjat Tabrizi, mainly known by his pen name, Shahriar was a notable Iranian poet of Azerbaijani ethnicity, who wrote in Azerbaijani and Persian.

His most important work Heydar Babaya Salam is considered to be the pinnacle of Azerbaijani literature which gained great popularity in the Turkic world and was translated into more than 30 languages.

He was born in 1906 in Tabriz one of the major cities in Iranian Azerbaijan. He attended his first years of school in Tabriz but for the further education, he went to Tehran. Although he studied medicine in college after a while he dropped out and went to Khorasan and found a job as a notary.

Khorasan was not his final destination cause in 1935 he went back to Tehran and started working in Agricultural Bank of Iran.

He initially published his poems under his given name, Behjat, but later chose the name Shahriar. He published his first book of poems in 1929. His poems are mainly influenced by Hafez, a famous Persian poet, and Khasta Qasim, an old Turkic poet.

His most famous work in Azeri-Turkish is Heydar Babaya Salam, published in 1954. It has been translated into more than 30 languages all over the world. Heydar Baba is the name of a mountain where the poet spent his childhood.

Shahriar was a talented calligrapher, played the setar very well, and had a keen interest in music. He was a very close friend of the Persian musician and highly respected teacher, Abdulhossein Saba.

A television series about his life, directed by Kamal Tabrizi, aired on IRIB channel 2. He died on 18 September 1988 in one of the Tehran's hospitals and his body was transferred to Tabriz and was buried in Maqbaratoshoara (Tombs of Poets).

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