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19 Sep
ENG45  0





Any difficulties with the following words? The following explanations and examples will help you to understand them better.


Finally, at last, lastly or in the end?

Finally, at last, lastly and in the end, all have a meaning of ‘after a period of time’.

However, we use them in different ways.


We use finally to refer to something that happened after a long time and usually after some difficulties.

We had so many different extra classes at school today, but finally, at 4 o’clock we could go home.

She’s had over twenty interviews but Jasmine has finally got a job as a journalist.


At last:

We use at last when we have been impatient as a result of long delays. When you have waited for something to happen for a long time and it happens after that waiting time “at last” is used.

We were waiting for our guests to arrive and at last, they came with one hour delay.

At last, I managed to speak English after all those classes that I had.



We use lastly to refer to something that comes at the end of a long list.

We need eggs, milk, sugar, bread and, lastly, we shouldn’t forget about the rice for mom.

I’ve thanked my parents but lastly, I must thank all my friends for their help.


In the end:

We use in the end to refer to a conclusion after a long process, after a lot of changes or after a lot of discussions.

They couldn’t make a final decision at the meeting but in the end, John had a great idea.

We were going to ski in Austria, then the South of France and in the end we decided to go to Italy.


Especially or specially:



Especially and specially are adverbs.

Especially means ‘particularly’ or ‘above all’.

I loved all the rooms in the house especially the bedroom.

She was grateful to all her audience especially her mother.


Specially is used when we talk about the specific purpose of something.

He has his shirts made specially for him by a tailor in London.

The lunch is made specially for you.


Sometimes they can be both used in a sentence.

I bought these (e)specially for you.



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