PROBLEM OR TROUBLE? AFFECT OR EFFECT?
These words always make you confused, so it’s better to remember the correct fields of use of these expressions. Let’s review these words in the dictionary:
Trouble or problem?
Problem means a situation that causes difficulties and that needs to be dealt with. You can talk about a problem or problems. Example:
Tell me what the problem is/ He’s having a few problems at work.
Trouble means problems, difficulties or worries and is used to talk about problems in a more general way. Trouble is almost always uncountable, so do not use the determiner (a) before it. Example:
We had some trouble while we were on holiday. Choose the correct word in sentences 1-4.
1- They may have some problems/ troubles, but usually they accept them.
2- They notice only the things that cause them a problem/ trouble.
3- Feelings of disorientation and anxiety no longer affect/ effect them.
4- These feelings may have the affect/ effect of people rejecting the new culture.
Exercise 2: Five of these sentences contain a mistake made by IELTS candidates. Find and correct the mistakes.
1- Many students’ studies are effected by difficulties with language.
2- Overseas students have accommodation problems.
3- Modern lifestyles have an affect on our health.
4- Other countries effect our customs.
5- Immigrants have an affect on the local economy.
6- Most children can deal with their own troubles.
Percent or Percentage? What’s the difference?
1) Use numbers before Percent.
2) Don’t use numbers before percentage.
3) Don’t use (a) before percent.
4) Use (the) before percentage.
5) Percent is singular.
Exercise 3: Each of these sentences contains a mistake made by IELTS candidates. Find and correct the mistakes.
1- The graph shows the increase in the percent of people who used rail transport between 1976 and 1999.
2- The graph shows the percentage of people with a criminal record according to their age and percentage of people in prison according to their gender.