All languages have their own special words for specific situations. Law and orders or judging in English have their own words too. Here are the major vocabularies relating to the law that is good to know about.
Attorney (noun): lawyer, a person who represents another person
Any person in the US has every right to have an attorney.
Barrister (UK, noun): a lawyer who defends a person in front of a superior court
His barrister defended him so good that the judge released him right away.
Case (noun): statement of the facts in a trial, esp. the argument of one side
Her lawyer won the case.
Contract (noun): a formal agreement, usually in writing, between two or more parties
The two companies signed a contract after the agreement. an
Court of law (noun): the place where law cases are heard and decided; court - courtroom
Tens of cases go to the court of laws every day.
Evidence (noun): information presented to a court to prove or support a point in question
The police didn’t have enough evidence against him so he was released.
Guilty (adjective): responsible for wrong; culpable - guilt n. not guilty adj.
He insisted that he was not guilty.
Judge (noun): attorney with authority to hear and decide cases in a court of law
Judge Smith is one of the strictest judges in that court.
Jury (noun): a group of people chosen to hear the evidence of a case and give a decision
The jury was touched by the attorney’s speech.
lawsuit (noun): a trial at court between two private parties
Yesterday was the lawsuit of the serial killer in town.
Lawyer (noun): a person trained in law and who advises or represents others
He said he won’t talk until he meets his lawyer.
Plead: (verb): to defend a law case, to declare oneself to be guilty or not guilty – plea(noun)
He pleaded guilty.
Sentence: (noun) decision of a court, esp. as to the punishment, the punishment (verb)
The judge sentenced him to five years.
Solicitor: (noun, UK) lawyer advising clients & briefing barristers, (US) law officer for a city
John is the best solicitor in town.
Sue: (verb) to start legal action against someone in a court of law – lawsuit (noun)
They have sued us for having a noisy party last night.
Trial: (noun) a formal examination of a case in a court of law - to try (verb)
His trial is today.
Verdict (noun): the formal decision or finding of a judge or jury
The verdict says he is guilty.
Hope these words help you with a better understanding of English language.