Homonyms refer to those words which have the same spelling and pronunciation but different meanings. Actually, there are two kinds of homonyms; when you have two words with the same spelling and pronunciation it’s called Homographs, but when only the pronunciation is the same you call it Homophones.
These are playing a really important role in dictation.
Lead: the act of guiding someone or a group.
Lead: a soft, heavy, ductile metal, the chemical element of atomic number 82.
You’ll like Paul; He’s a really cool guy. Easy-going and very friendly.
There was a lovely cool breeze coming off the sea.
‘What’s today’s date?’ ‘The third’
‘I’ll meet you at the cinema at 8.’ ‘OK, that’s a date.’
Grey’s Anatomy is set in Seattle.
My wife bought me a chess set for my birthday.
He goes to the gym every day. He’s very fit.
The trousers are too small. They don’t fit you.
I can’t bear people who never stop talking about themselves.
My four-year-old son won’t go anywhere without his teddy bear.
Some examples of homographs:
1)The road to the town center/ She rode a horse/ I rowed across the river.
2)The whole world/ a hole in the ground
3) A piece of cake/ war and peace
4) A rose is a flower/ flour to make bread
5) A yacht has sails/ buy clothes in the sales
6) Salespeople sell things/ a prisoner lives in a cell.
Also, Most of the English jokes are formed based on these homonyms, Here are two examples; read them, do you understand what’s the point? And which word is homonym?
A: How do you keep cool at a football match?
B: I don’t know!
A: Sit next to a fan.
A: Why did the teacher wear sunglasses?
B: I don’t know.
A: Because her students were so bright.