What are the tenses that we can use for future?
To talk about future events there are different ways to talk about.
Using to be going to:
When we plan for something this tense can be used.
We are going to shop this afternoon.
Alice is going to visit her grandmother this weekend.
They are going to put their house on sale because they want to live in a bigger one.
Using present continuous:
When we make a plan that is more specific then we use this tense.
We are getting married next month at Plaza hotel.
Alice is visiting her grandmother this Sunday at six o’clock.
They are putting their house on sale this Saturday in the morning.
Will is a sign for future and unlike the above tenses, it is not talking about any plans or arrangements. It simply talks about an event that is going to happen in the future.
Tom will go to Japan next month.
Alice will be here soon.
We will tell your parents about the matter.
The two tenses “to be going to “and “will” are used for predictions too.
To be going to: prediction
This kind of prediction is based on what we see and we predict the result because of the scene.
There are many clouds in the sky. It is going to rain soon.
Look! There is a hole in the ground and the man is going to fall into it.
The kind of prediction that uses will is the one based on our thoughts.
Mary is always out and she doesn’t study much. I think she will fail her test tomorrow.
John is a very sensitive man. When he goes abroad to study he will miss his family.
I think our team will win today’s game.
We hope these differences and the examples have cleared the matter of confusion that usually happens for the new English learners.