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12 Aug
ENG45  0

Present perfect 1

Present perfect 1 (I have done)




Study these examples:

Tom is looking for his key. He can't find it. He has lost his key./Files/Articles/1098_en_key.gif

He has Lost his key= He lost it recently, and he still doesn't have it.




Have/has eaten is the present perfect simple:



The present perfect simple is have/has+ past participle. The past participle often ends in -ed (finished/decided, etc.), but many important verbs are irregular (Lost/done/written, etc.).


When we say that 'something has happened', this is usually new information:

Owl I've cut my finger.

The road is closed. There's been (there has been) an accident.

(from the news) Police have arrested two men in connection with the robbery.


When we use the present perfect, there is a connection with now. The action in the past has a result now:

'Where's your key?' 'I don't know. I've Lost it.' (=I don't have it now)

He told me his name, but I've forgotten it. (= I can't remember it now)

'Is Sally here?' 'No, she's gone out.' (=she is out now)

I can't find my bag. Have you seen it? (= Do you know where it is now?)


Note the difference between gone (to) and been (to):

James is on holiday. He has gone to Italy. (= he is there now or on his way there)

Jane is back home now. She has been to Italy. (=she has now come back)


You can use the present perfect with just, already and yet. just = a short time ago:

'Are you hungry?' 'No, I've just had lunch.'

Hello. Have you just arrived?


We use already to say that something happened sooner than expected:

'Don't forget to pay your electricity bill.' 'I've already paid for it.'

'What time is Mark leaving?' 'He's already Left.


Yet = until now. Yet shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen. Use yet only in questions and negative sentences:

Has it stopped raining yet?

I've written the email, but I haven't sent it yet.


You can also use the past simple (did went, had, etc.) in the examples on this page. So you can say:

'Is Sally here?' 'No, she went out.' or 'No, she's gone out.'

'Are you hungry?' 'No, I just had lunch.' or 'No, I've just had lunch.'


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