How the English language has changed
How the English language has changed
All languages change over time, and there can be many different reasons for this. The English language is no different – but why has it changed over the decades? Some of the main influences on the evolution of languages include The movement of people across...
Some of the main influences on the evolution of languages include:
The movement of people across countries and continents, for example, migration and, in previous centuries, colonization. For example, English speakers today would probably be comfortable using the Spanish word loco to describe someone who is crazy.
Speakers of one language coming into contact with those who speak a different one. No two individuals speak identically: people from different geographical places clearly speak differently and even within the same community there are variations according to a speaker’s age, gender, ethnicity, and social and educational background. For example, the word “courting” has become dating.
The new vocabulary required for inventions such as transport, domestic appliances, and industrial equipment, or for sporting, entertainment, cultural and leisure reasons. For example, the original late 19th-century term wireless has become today’s radio.
Due to these influences, a language always embraces new words, expressions, and pronunciations as people come across new words and phrases in their day-to-day lives and integrate them into their own speech.
What changes has the English language seen?
As the English language has changed, it’s been easy to pick out words that pass into common usage. Here at Pearson English, we have explored some of these recent changes to the English language. The rise in popularity of internet slang has seen phrases such as LOL (Laugh Out Loud), YOLO (You Only Live Once) and bae (an abbreviated form of babe or baby) become firmly embedded in the English language over the past ten years.
Every decade sees new slang terms like these appearing in the English language. And while some words or abbreviations do come from internet or text conversations, others may appear as entirely new words, a new meaning for an existing word, or a word that becomes more generalized than its former meaning, brought about by any one of the reasons above. Decades ago, blimey was a new expression of surprise, but more recently woah is the word in everyday usage.
Sentence structure is, of course, another change to the English language. Decades ago, it would have been normal to ask Have you a moment? Now, you might say D’you have a sec? Similarly, How do you do? has become How’s it going? Not only have the sentences been abbreviated, but new words have been introduced to everyday questions.
Connected to this is the replacement of certain words with other, more modern versions. It’s pretty noticeable that words, like shall and ought, are on the way out, but will, should and can are doing just fine.
Other changes can be more subtle. A number of verbs can take a compliment with another verb in either the -ing form or the to form, for example, they liked painting/to paint, we tried leaving/to leave, he didn’t bother calling/to call. Both of these constructions are still used and have been for a long time but there has been a steady shift over time from the to to the -ing complement.
What do the changes mean?
There are many other changes to the English language what have you noticed? Have these changes affected your teaching or learning methods? Tell us in the comment section below…
Most contemporary linguistic commentators accept that change in language, like change in society, is inevitable. Some think that is regrettable, but others recognize it as a reinvigoration of a language, bringing alternatives that allow subtle differences of expression.
In our Fact or Fiction report, linguist, writer and lecturer David Crystal consider whether text speak is undermining the English language. His response to the naysayers who claim it is damaging the English language is to point out that abbreviations have been around for a long time. While some, such as the ones we discussed above, are new, others, such as the use of u for you and the number 8 as a syllable in later, have been around for a century or more. Further to this, research shows that there is in fact a correlation between the ability to use abbreviations and the ability to spell. After all, in order to abbreviate, you have to know which letters to abbreviate.