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19 Jul
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English month and days

 

English month and days

 

 

 

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A really useful thing to learn in any language is how to say the days of the week and dates. Days and dates are essential for organizing meetings, making holiday reservations, and for planning social activities.
 

So let’s make a start by looking at the days of the week.

 

Days of the week

 

Here are the seven days of the week with the pronunciation:

 Monday – /’mun.dei/

Tuesday – /’tiu:z.dei/

Wednesday – /’wenz.dei/

Thursday – /’thurz.dei/

Friday – /’frai.dei/

Saturday – /’sa.ta.dei/

Sunday – /’sun.dei/

 

The accent in the pronunciation is always on the first syllable, the two most difficult days to pronounce are Tuesday and Thursday, so take extra time to practice those.

As you can see, we always use a capital letter for the first letter of each day. Here are some examples:

 I work from Monday to Friday. I’m free on Saturday and Sunday.
 Our next lesson is on Wednesday.
 Saturday is his favorite day of the week because he plays football.
 The meeting is on Thursday at 10:30.
 We’ve got an appointment on Tuesday morning.

As you can see, we often use ‘on’ before the days of the week.

 

Months

 

Here are the twelve months of the year with the pronunciation:

January – /’gian.iu.e.ri/

 February – /’fe.bru.e.ri/

 March – /’ma:tc/

 April – /’ei.pril/

May – /’mei/

June – /’giun/

 July – /giu’lai/

 August – /’o:.gust/

 September – /sep’tem.ba/

October – /ok’tou.ba/

November – /nou’vem.ba/

 December – /di’sem.ba/

 

We also always use a capital letter for the first letter of months. For example:

 February is the shortest month of the year, with only 28 days.
 They’re going away on holiday in May.
The weather is very hot here in July.
It’s very cold in December.

 Halloween is in October.

As you can see, with the months we use in.

 

Dates

When we say the date in English we normally use ordinal numbers (first, second, third, etc) instead of cardinal numbers (one, two, three, etc). Let’s look at these ordinal numbers:

1st – first

2nd – second

3rd – third

4th – fourth

5th – fifth

6th – sixth

7th – seventh

8th – eighth

9th – ninth

10th – tenth

 

The numbers from 11-19 follow the same pattern of adding -th to the number:

11th – eleventh

12th – twelfth (the letter v changes to f)

13th – thirteenth

14th – fourteenth

15th – fifteenth

16th – sixteenth

17th – seventeenth

18th – eighteenth

19th – nineteenth

 

The numbers ending in -ty, like 20 and 30, change the -y to -i and add -eth. For example:

20 – twentieth

30 – thirtieth

21st – twenty-first

22nd – twenty-second

23rd – twenty-third

24th – twenty-fourth

25th – twenty-fifth

26th – twenty-sixth

27th – twenty-seventh

28th – twenty-eighth

29th – twenty-ninth

30th – thirtieth

31st – thirty-first

 

In British English, the date usually begins with the day followed by the month, while in American English the month is normally first. This is also true when we abbreviate a date into three numbers. For example, 1st December 2017 becomes:

1/12/2017 in British English

12/1/2017 in American English.

 

As with days, we use ‘on’ with dates. Here are some examples:

 Paolo’s birthday is on June 3rd. (pronounced ‘on June the third’)
 New Year’s Day is on 1st January. (pronounced ‘on the first of January’)
 We’re flying back home on Tuesday, April 10th. (pronounced ‘on Tuesday, April the tenth’)
 They’re having a party on 16th November. (pronounced on the sixteenth of November.)
Our Wedding Anniversary is on August 11th. (pronounced ‘on August the eleventh’.)

 

Years

In English, most years are separated into two numbers. For example:

1750 – seventeen fifty

1826 – eighteen twenty-six

1984 – nineteen eighty-four

2017 – twenty seventeen

 

The first year of each century is pronounced like this:

1400 – fourteen hundred

1700 – seventeen hundred

2000 – two thousand

 

The first nine years of a century are pronounced like this:

1401 – fourteen oh one

1701 – seventeen oh one

2001 – two thousand and one

 

We can refer to a decade (a period of ten years) in this way:

1960-1969 – The ‘60s – pronounced ‘the sixties’

1980-1989 – The ‘80s – pronounced ‘the eighties’.

2000 – 2009 – The 2000s – pronounced ‘the two thousand’

 

For example:

The Beatles were famous in the sixties.
 My parents got married in the seventies.
 Maradona played for Napoli in the eighties.
 Where were you living in the nineties?
The internet became popular worldwide in the two thousand.

 


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